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Abstract

Common dental problems among children: A review

Throughout the journey from infancy to childhood & from childhood to adolescence, there is an important person who takes care of good oral hygiene, is a pediatric dentist. As an age-specific specialty, pediatric dentistry encompasses disciplines such as behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and differently abled patients. Proper supervision and observation of orofacial growth and development is also part of pediatric dentistry. In addition, caries prevention procedures, sedation, pharmacological management and hospital dentistry, as well as other traditional procedures are also part of pediatric dentistry. Good pediatric dental practice starts with proper brushing, patient education, diet counselling, motivation and by spreading positivity. In the beginning pediatric dentistry was mainly concerned with extraction and restorations of deciduous teeth. The trend changed from extraction to preservations. Presently the concept of pediatric dental practice is prevention and concentrating on minimal invasion. Any curative treatment provided should be minimally invasive, preferably nonsurgical and should conserve tooth structure as much as possible. In addition, an inadequate and unsatisfactory dental treatment during childhood can permanently damage the entire masticatory apparatus of the child leaving him with many dental problems commonly encountered in today’s adult population. Long lasting beneficial effects also can result when the seeds for future dental health are planted early in life ( i.e.childhood). Oral health needs of children have to be upraised.


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